Increasing international competition has led governments and corporations to focus on ways of improving national and corporate economic performance. The effective use of human resources is seen as a prerequisite and the training and development of employees as paramount. The growth of training and development as an academic subject reflects its growth in practice. The International Journal of Training and Development is an international forum for the reporting of high-quality research analysis and debate for the benefit of the academic and corporate communities as well as those engaged in public policy formulation and implementation. Multidisciplinary international and comparative the journal publishes research which ranges from the theoretical conceptual and methodological to more policy-oriented types of work. International Journal of Training and Development reports academic work which: specifies and tests the explanatory variables which may be related to training analyses training needs investigates the need for performance improvement researches appraisal and assessment evaluates the analysis of competence It covers key policy and strategy issues such as: organisational aspects of training and development public policy issues questions of infrastructure issues relating to the training and development profession Benchmarking training and development practice: the design development and delivery of training the learning and development process competency-based approaches evaluation: the relationship between training and individual corporate and macroeconomic performance.